The Battle of Hastings - 1066

The Norman Claim to the English crown

  • Key events preceding the Battle of Hastings
  • Duke William the Bastard of Normandy
  • What was the Norman Claim?
  • The alliance between the French and the English
  • Vital Key Events

Medieval Knights in the Battle of Hastings - 1066

The Norman Claim to the English crown

Background - England in Turmoil

  • England had been in a power struggle for approximately two hundred
    years
  • England had been formed of many small kingdoms including Wessex,
    Mercia, Northumbria and Cornwall. The Saxons saw themselves as several different countries ruled by one English King - Edward the Confessor (in preference to any foreign kings such as King Canute who was also the King of Denmark)

The Relationship between Normandy and England

  • Normandy had close ties of friendship with Wessex dating back to 988
  • In 988 a formal treaty was arranged between Wessex and Normandy by the Pope
  • The treaty signed by Normandy and Wessex agreed not to harbor the
    otherís enemies, namely, the Vikings!
  • Normandy was the closest land opposite Wessex separated by the channel and they were natural trading partners
  • The rulers of the House of Wessex had used Normandy as their refuge in times of trouble
  • Edward the Confessor had lived in Normandy and had many friends there. He even brought Norman advisors to his court in England
  • In 1051 Edward the announced that a Norman should succeed him and become King of England

Duke William the Bastard's Claim to the English Throne

  • Duke William the Bastard justified his claim through his blood relationship with Edward the Confessor (they were distant cousins)
  • William strengthened this claim by stating that Edward the Confessor
    had designated him as his successor
  • William claimed Harold Godwinson had sworn a sacred oath of allegiance to him and to his right to the throne
  • When Harold broke the oath William received religious and political backing from Rome to start a Holy Crusade against Harold who the Pope had excommunicated!

To find out more about their claims to the English throne please click one of the following links:

The Hardrada the Viking claim
The Harold Godwinson of Wessex claim
The Edgar the Aetheling claim

Wessex and the Anglo Saxons
The Kings of England 871 - 1066

 

The Norman Claim to the English crown

The Battle of Hastings
1066

Battle of Hastings Index

The Battle of Hastings - 1066

Battle of Hastings 1066 - Norman Claim to the English crown - Duke William of Normandy - England - Anglo-Saxons - Battle of Hasting 1066 - Normans - Battle of Hastings 1066 - Norman Invasion - Norman Conquest - Battle of Hasting 1066 - Timeline - Fast Information - Short Facts - Battle of Hastings 1066 - Concise Facts - Info - Information - Facts - Norman Claim to the English crown - Duke William of Normandy - England - William the Conquerer - Battle of Hasting - Harold - King - English - England - Battle of Hastings 1066 - Life and Times - Timelines - Battle of Hasting 1066 -  Battle of Hastings 1066 - Battle of Hastings 1066 - Medieval - Anglo-Saxons - Normans - Norman Claim to the English crown - Duke William of Normandy - England - Norman Invasion - Norman Conquest -  Timeline - Fast Information - Short Facts - Information - Info - Hastings - Pevensey - William the Conquerer - King Harold Godwinson - English - England - Norman Claim to the English crown - Duke William of Normandy - England - Battle of Hastings 1066 - Battle of Hasting 1066 - Date - Account - Hastins - Story - Battle tactics - Battlefield - Outline - Resources - Resource - Tactics - Weapons at the Battle of Hastings 1066 - Norman Claim to the English crown - Duke William of Normandy - England - Written By Linda Alchin